Why Hydrogen Infrastructure Ambition is a Long Way From Reality


The world is abuzz with excitement about the potential of hydrogen as a clean and sustainable energy source. Governments, corporations, and environmentalists alike are touting hydrogen as a key component in the transition to a low-carbon economy. However, despite the lofty ambitions, the reality of building a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure is a long way off.

The Challenges of Hydrogen Production

One of the primary hurdles to widespread hydrogen adoption is the production process itself. Currently, most hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels, which defeats the purpose of using it as a clean energy source. Alternative methods, such as electrolysis, which splits water into hydrogen and oxygen using renewable energy, are still in their infancy and face significant scalability challenges.

Furthermore, the energy required to produce, process, and transport hydrogen is substantial, which raises questions about the overall energy efficiency of the process. According to a study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, producing, transporting, and storing hydrogen can result in energy losses of up to 70%. This means that only a fraction of the original energy input is actually usable in a fuel cell or internal combustion engine.

The Infrastructure Gap

Another significant obstacle is the lack of infrastructure to support the widespread adoption of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. While there are some hydrogenrefueling stations in operation, they are few and far between, and often limited to specific regions or countries. In the United States, for example, there are only around 500 public hydrogen refueling stations, compared to over 150,000 gasoline stations.

Building out a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure would require a massive investment of time, money, and resources. It’s estimated that the construction of a single hydrogen refueling station can cost upwards of $1 million, and that’s not even taking into account the cost of producing and transporting the hydrogen itself.

The Competition from Electric Vehicles

Meanwhile, electric vehicles (EVs) are gaining traction and rapidly closing the gap with hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in terms of cost, range, and convenience. EVs have the advantage of using existing electrical infrastructure, which reduces the need for significant investment in new infrastructure. Additionally, EVs are becoming increasingly affordable, with many models available in the same price range as their gasoline-powered counterparts.

The Role of Government Incentives

Governments around the world have been keen to promote the development of hydrogen infrastructure through incentives and subsidies. However, these efforts have been inconsistent and often lack a clear strategy for achieving widespread adoption. In some cases, government support has been focused on specific regions or industries, rather than taking a more holistic approach to building out a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure.


While the ambition to develop a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure is laudable, the reality is that significant technical, economic, and infrastructure challenges must be overcome before hydrogen can become a viable alternative to traditional fossil fuels. Until these challenges are addressed, hydrogen will remain a niche player in the energy market, and electric vehicles will continue to gain ground as the more practical and cost-effective solution.

In order to make progress towards a hydrogen-powered future, governments, corporations, and researchers must work together to develop more efficient and cost-effective production methods, invest in building out a comprehensive infrastructure, and address the significant energy losses associated with hydrogen production and transportation. Only then can we begin to realize the full potential of hydrogen as a clean and sustainable energy source.


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